Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Cpe Essay Samples Reviews & Guide

Cpe Essay Samples Reviews & Guide The Debate Over Cpe Essay Samples You need to have a bank of vocabulary and fixed expressions which you like to use frequently. Choose tips that you know you've got the vocabulary to discuss. Learn all the suggestions you need to understand to be able to ace TOEFL Writing! Do vary the distance of your sentences. It's possible for you to avoid dropped quotes by making use of a signal phrase. Names and places are changed obviously. A major heading, by way of example, is an overall term that has a subheading of a specific term (and so forth). In both regions of the C2 Proficiency Writing paper, you've got to demonstrate that you are able to write different kinds of text in English. Definitions of Cpe Essay Samples Both texts discuss the subject of stress on the job. You might, should you wish, take advantage of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you ought to use your own words so far as possible. The goal is to take a particular position on the subject. The primary purpose of a review is to present your private opinion about something, suggesting what's good or bad about it. Critical thinking is needed! This essay intends to summarise and assess the effect of stress on the job at both organization and individual levels. It's the closing portion of any kind of an academic assignment, regardless of whether it's a school essay or college research paper. To improve writing skills it's all-important to read a whole lot, generally. The very first text focuses on the outcome of stress on the job from a firm's perspective. Generally, if these errors do not interfere with your reader's capability to comprehend what it is that you are saying, this category shouldn't be a problem. Give specific information and reasons to back up your viewpoint. Discuss, giving specific examples to back up your viewpoint. The Characteristics of Cpe Essay Samples If you don't plan, you're planning to fail! Do ask if you're uncertain about the endeavor. Do be sure you have understood the task correctly. First make a list about the advantages and disadvantages of each decision. It needs to be noted there are quite a few alternative methods out there. While it's possible to argue just one point of view ie. However, there'll be occasions when covering a number of the topics will be forgotten. Be objective instead of too emotional. A review is just one of the options in the 2nd job of the writing exam. We cover some introductory information regarding the exam. Here's a sample taken from theCambridge site. Being aware of what graders are seeking and reviewing TOEFL Writing samples can go a very long way towards assisting you to get a high score on this section. How to Find Cpe Essay Samples Online For this essay, you're going to be graded on the level of your writing in addition to how well your response represents the principal points of the audio clip and written passage and the way in which they relate to one another. Usually, an effective response is going to be 150 to 225 words. On the remainder of this page we'll concentrate on the discursive essay. You will be able to take notes as you listen to it though. You need to have a few pages safe somewhere where you are able to keep a record of other useful essay phrases that you run into in your reading. The text ought to be personal and include your private opinion. Attempt to prevent topic sentences that have quotes from the post, but instead begin and end paragraphs in your words to create a more powerful argument. The subject of a specific paragraph needs to be obvious right away (the very first sentence of a paragraph is often known as the topic sentence). Write a few sentences. This logical stream of ideas is simple for readers to follow and shows that the writer knows the way to establish a crystal clear argument. Our writers understand how to produce your paper of the best quality. That, alongside the relatively few mechanical errors, provides the essay a top score. Whether it's an argumentative or expository essay which you are writing, it is essential to develop a clear thesis statement and a very clear sound reasoning. It is essential that the thesis statement ought to be slimmed down so as to adhere to the guidelines of the given writing exercise. I've explored several studies to verify that.

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Tea House By Lao She - 1646 Words

In the play, Tea House, by Lao She, was set in an old tea house in Beijing. The author explores the purpose of the tea house as a mean of gathering for people to tell their tales. It also serves as an organizing principle and a drama stage for people to re-enact people s lives in Beijing, as an eyewitness to social and political changes. Lao She was a Chinese novelist and dramatist. Lao She was one of the most significant figures of the 20th century in China for his vivid use of the Beijing dialect in his literature. Unfortunately, Lao She committed suicide by drowning himself in a lake after being beaten and publicly humiliated by the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution in 1966. In the play, Lao She places the character s lives in different sociohistorical contexts in the hope that they will elicit a sense of direction, which according to him was lacking in modern Chinese history. Lao She sets out three acts. One in 1898, 1917, and 1945 that represented major stages in modern Chinese history from the collapse of the Qing Dynasty, the failure of the Republican revolution, and the downfall of the Nationalist government. The play also consisted of nearly seventy characters who came from different Chinese occupational background. There are tea house waiters, a Manchu, a eunuch, a fortune-teller, a marriage broker, a story-teller, an opera singer, a banquet caterer, a peasant, a gangster, a school teacher, students, soldiers, secret police, and a modern business person.Show MoreRelatedLao Shes Teahouse835 Words   |  4 PagesLao She’s Teahouse: Commitment to Social Visions Lead to Funerals in Corrupt States Lao She’s play Teahouse portrays the impact of three historical periods on the lives of the frequent guests of a traditional Chinese Tea House, called Yu Tai Tea House. The historical periods include the Qing Dynasty where the Manchus ruled China; the Republic of China (1912-1949); and the post world War II period of the Kuomintang’s cruel government in Beijing after the victory of the War of Resistance againstRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1165 Words   |  5 PagesPheng Lao Mr. Abbott English 9 15 December, 2015 To A Mockingbird Essay In the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, by harper lee, the setting is based on a little town, Maycomb, as scout grows up she sees the changes in her society, role of women, and courage. Scout learns more about the world as she grows up and she starts to see the discrimination between the blacks and the whites. Scout hears a lot about Boo Radley but never sees him. She knows how her society is bad from the day TomRead More British-Chinese Relations in the Nineteenth Century and Alicia Bewicke Littles Novel, A Marriage in China4897 Words   |  20 Pagesa China haunted by its long history, seen as out-of-date and shackled to its past. The story of British-Chinese relations in the nineteenth-century emerges as a story in which the British desire for chinoiserie-fantastically colored silks, aromatic teas and spices, delicate porcelain, exquisite decorative arts, and fascinating architecture-is progressively frustrated by Chinas limitation of foreigners to only a few treaty ports, the s everal attempts by the Chinese to ban or stop by force the BritishRead MoreBoon Rawd Brewery Company analysis(including PEST,SWOT,Porters Five forces analysis)6553 Words   |  27 Pagesexpects local demand to grow 6 percent next year to 1.2 billion liters by inaugurating a new facility in 2009. Aside from Singha, Boon Rawd sells other beer varieties, soda water, drinking water, ready-to-drink fruit juices, ready-todrink coffee and tea beverages under various brands, such as Thai Beer, Leo, Moshi and B-ing, a flavored vitamin functional drink. Although Boon Rawd got many awards in beer capitals such as Brussels, Osaka, America, Australia and New Zealand but in the word of presidentRead MoreTrouble in Paradise with Comments6022 Words   |  25 Pagesto the round table that was front and center. T\vo Chinese se- Katherine Xin is a professor of management and holds the Micheiin Chair in Leadership and Human Resource Management at China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) in Shanghai; she is also the editor in chief of HBR China. Vladimir Pucik is a professor ofinternational human resources and strategy at the International Institute for Management Development (lMD) in Lausanne, Switzerland. 28 decessors had left before their threeyearRead MoreWork-Life Balance : a Comparative Study of South-East Asian Countries6004 Words   |  25 Pages( compared to their global colleagues) as a result of their drive and ambition. They seek more appreciation to that effect. There is an underlying social debate about work stress in China and about young entrepreneurs who have died prematurely: Guo Lao Si (death by work). Professor Lu (Peking University) has written several research papers on stress and the key role of self-efficacy in reducing the impact of stress. In contrast to the above arguments, Xie (2006) who has conducted a three-year longitudinalRead MoreConfucianism in Journey to the West31834 Words   |  128 Pagesthrough a fissure in the rocks, screening the gateway to the bridge. He started walking towards the bridge, and as he looked he made out what seemed to be a house. It was a really good place. He saw: Emerald moss piled up in heaps of blue, White clouds like drifting jade, While the light flickered among wisps of coloured mist. A quiet house with peaceful windows, Flowers growing on the smooth bench; Dragon pearls hanging in niches, Exotic blooms all around. Traces of fire beside the stoveRead MoreTrung Nguyen Internation Business20210 Words   |  81 Pageswhich make customers â€Å"be addicted to† and attract more and more foreign tastes. Besides, Vietnamese coffee is the famous one in all around the world. Thus, Trung Nguyen has exported its products to many countries in over the world such as Cambodia, Laos and American in term of globalizing its products as well as Trung Nguyen’s business. Moreover, as we researched, Romania seems to be a potential market for Trung Nguyen’s product to establish and develop. This paper is the business plan for Trung NguyenRead MoreTrung Nguyen Internation Business20216 Words   |  81 Pageswhich make customers â€Å"be addicted to† and attract more and more foreign tastes. Besides, Vietnamese coffee is the famous one in all around the world. Thus, Trung Nguyen has exported its products to many countries in over the world such as Cambodia, Laos and American in term of gl obalizing its products as well as Trung Nguyen’s business. Moreover, as we researched, Romania seems to be a potential market for Trung Nguyen’s product to establish and develop. This paper is the business plan for Trung NguyenRead MoreUnited Arab of Emirates Country Notebook18844 Words   |  76 Pageshas worked to build a stronger federal structure, but each emirate still holds its autonomy, and it is a slow process working to build the integrated federal system. The government never the less remains strong and continues to be an economic power house. The Cabinet approved in early 2010 a National Charter to transform the UAE into ‘one of the best countries in the world by 2021,’ the Golden Jubilee anniversary of the formation of the Federation. The UAE Government Strategy 2011–2013 was launched

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Role of Belonging in Dickinsons Poetry and Jules Music

Belonging’s instinctive qualities are explored in the poetry of Emily Dickinson, which also highlights the reasons for pursuing belonging, including the need for emotional sustenance and self validation. On the other hand, the song â€Å"Mad World† by Gary Jules, communicates the daunting prospect of losing one’s individual identity as a consequence of belonging to a conformist society. Emily Dickinson’s poetry confirms belonging is a yearning, which most humans seek to satisfy simply because we are social beings. The statement â€Å"What mystery pervades a well!† from the poem of the same name, expresses the yearning for belonging by implying an empathic question and a longing for the â€Å"water†, which is a symbol for the epitome of life. Since†¦show more content†¦The sheer complexity of the emotional aspects involved with belonging may be seen in the belonging estrangement paradox; highlighted by the fact â€Å"that those who know her know her less† and that those who attempt to understand belonging and nature are incapable of understanding nature’s â€Å"ghost† and hidden secrets. Dickinson seems to be looking into a â€Å"lid of glass†, the surface of the water, or what we perceive as life, and personifies the surface by calling it an â€Å"abyss’s face† highlighting life’s immeasu rable depth, whilst also implying through the connotations of â€Å"glass† being similar to a mirror that we ourselves may never be able to understand our purpose and place in this life. In an attempt to understand nature Dickinson uses personification, describing nature as a female entity, to make it is easier to interact with something living rather than that which is inanimate. Unlike the poetry of Emily Dickinson, the song â€Å"Mad World† by Gary Jules explores the conformity of today’s society, which is shown to inevitably darken one’s outlook on life. Jules’ apathy reveals how this form of belonging is quite destructive; as he communicates that individuality becomes redundant in a world of anonymity. Jules’ exclamation of â€Å"I want to hide my head and drown my sorrows† exhibits the desperate desire to escape from the mundane and depressive atmosphere of a uniform society. The very title of this song, â€Å"Mad World†,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Capability of Organization Growth Process

Question: Discuss about the Capability of Organization Growth Process. Answer: Introduction: There has been a recent trend in the growth of educational sector with special reference to the online education and online university. The success of any organization depends on the existing relationship depends on the total number of people graduating from the university (De Boer et al. 2014). In addition, the capability of the organization to retain its clients also matters a lot. This report focuses on the online universities growth process. The main purpose of this report is to find out the existing relationship between these two variables namely graduation rate and retention rate. Graduation rate is the mathematical concept through which the percentage of students completing their graduation at any specific time with respect to the total number of enrolled student is calculated (Allen and Seaman 2013). Retention rate on other hand is the percentage of students who remains in the same college for the following years in order to complete their education. Both these rates are very crucial to evaluate the performance of any organization (De Boer et al. 2014). Background of this Study: Online education is the matured stage of the concept of distant education, which originated long back in the 19th century (Spada 2014). It was the after the Second World War that this system was initiated in Afro-Asian countries and then expanded throughout the global economy. After this, America and UK got involved in imparting online education to their students through different modes including radio and television. Under this circumstance, there has been an increasing trend in the growth of online university and that induced us in constructing this report. The impact of the rising demand for online education, the constant increase in the number of colleges, the retention capacity of these online education centers and the number of students graduating from these online universities has been the primary focus of this report (Jordan 2014). Since, there has been a constant growth in this sector, this report tries to observe the impact of growth these colleges using the statistical too ls of simple linear regression. Methodology: Through this report, around 29 different universities have been focused and their retention rate and graduation rate have been collected to evaluate the impact of these two criteria and the relationship amongst them. At the initial level scatter diagram has been used to show the relationship between the two variables and then the regression analysis has been done to confirm or reject the relationship already stated (Wooldridge 2015). The graduation rate has been taken as the dependent variable and the retention rate of these universities have been considered as as the independent variable. This scatter diagram is used to understand the correlation between the two variables. The way in which the dependent variable behaves can be identified from here (Sowell 2014). The scatter diagram below explains the relationship between the graduation rate and the retention rate of the online Universities operating in U.S. Figure 1: Scatter Diagram of GR RR Source: As Created by the Author Through this diagram, it has been seen that all the scattered points are plotted in a particular pattern. There is positive relation in between the two variables. The straight line given in the diagram is used to measure the goodness of fit of the measurement. This concept is used to measure the reliability of the data in accordance with the theory in practice. It is clearly seen in the above diagram that there is no point on the fitted line which implies that the model does not show goodness of fit at all. On other hand, since almost all the observations are clustered very close to the fitted line, therefore the variables have weak positive co-relation amongst them. This implies that universities having high retention rate is going to show high graduation rate and vice-versa. As in this scatter pot it can be seen that the university with 100% retention rate have nearly 60% and above graduation rate as highlighted by red arrows. In addition, the university, which show low retention r ate, have lower rate of graduating students as highlighted by the blue arrows. Results Obtained: The analysis about the impact of retention rate on the number graduation rate of the online universities has been done with the help of regression model. The econometric tool with the help of which investigators try to establish a causal effect between two or multiple variables is known as Regression analysis (Gujarati 2014). Usually one variable is taken as the independent variable and the others are taken as dependent variable. The regression analysis can be classified into 7 different types namely, Linear regression, logistic regression, polynomial, step-wise, ridge regression, lasso regression and Lasso regression (Asteriou and Hall 2015). Usually, the first three categories are widely used. Linear regression can again be subdivided as simple and multiple linear regressions. In this report the retention rate of the open universities acts as the independent variable. Since, there are only two variables present, hence simple linear regression has been used to establish the relation ship. Through this regression analysis, the economist tries to find out if there is existence of statistical significance between the variable. In other words, it tries to find out whether the sample reflects the estimated relationship of the population (Sowell 2014). A regression equation can be written as Y = a + bX. In this equation X is the independent variable which helps in explaining all the consequences and the extent in which it is faced by the dependent variable. Y is the dependent variable in the model. The intercept a allows the economist to understand the effect of the dependent variable when independent variable is 0. In this report the retention rates of all the mentioned universities has been taken as X and the graduation rate is taken as Y. The regression analysis of the GR and RR are given below as follows: Coefficients Standard Error t Stat P-value Intercept 25.4229 3.7463 6.7862 0.0000 RR(%) 0.2845 0.0606 4.6928 0.0001 From the table above the regression equation of the online universities can be formed. The estimated regression equation is given as: In this equation intercept a is 25.4229 and 0.2845 is the slope b. The slope coefficient helps in understanding the impact of unit change in independent variable on the dependent variable of the chosen model. Here, the slope coefficient 0.284 clearly indicates the fact that if there if 1 unit increase or decrease in the retention rate, the impact is going to be 0.284 unit increase or decrease in the graduating rate of the 29 open universities surveyed. In order to check out the existence of any significant association if any between the GR and RR, there is a need to concentrate on the p-value that has been yielded from the regression equation. To understand the use of p-value, first there is a need to understand the null hypothesis which is being tested by this value. This hypothesis states that there is no significance between the given observation set of variables and no variation occurs in between them (Gujarati 2014). In our model the p-value is 0.0001, which implies that there exists a highly significant association in between the variables and henceforth the null hypothesis of this regression analysis can and should be strictly rejected. The given regression equation do provide a good fit. The concept of fitness of a model comes from the urge to check out the digression of the observed value from the expected value as predicted by the model. In the given model p being 0.0001 is not even near to 1% level of significance and hence the chosen model is highly significant. In addition, the model also has high t-value which again establishes the significance of the model. South University has an average level of retention rate of 51%. Under this circumstance, the graduation rate is very poor that is around 25%. Being the President of South University, I would get worried under this circumstance. The students are the main capital of any educational organization. Henceforth, a less number of total graduate rates are a bad omen for the online education system as a whole. The data collected from the University of Phoenix suggests that retention rate of the university is only 4% whereas the the graduation rate is 28%. As the President of the University of Phoenix this result is going to bother me. This is because high graduating rate is indeed a bright aspect for a company but at the same time retention rate as low as 4% provides a negative vibes about the online university. Low retention rate also signals the potential customers to move away from this university. In addition, from the overall calculation there has been a positive relationship between these two variables. Hence, here since this relationship gets violated, this is a matter of concern for the president to uplift the retention level and maintain a subtle balance between these two factors. Discussion: The true impact of the retention rate and graduation rate on the rising trend in online university can only be properly analyzed with the help of R2 and Adjusted R2. In the initial stage of this report, the scatter diagram has been used to see the goodness of fit and the exiting co-relation between the variables of the model. From the scatter diagram it has been observed that none of the observations are lying on the fitted line but are clustering round the central point of the line. That clearly indicated that the model is not properly fitted. But the scatter diagram highlighted the existence of positive correlation between the two variables. Again while looking at the regression result it has been found that the line is getting best fitted. The regression statistics below provides with further modes of analysis. Regression Statistics Multiple R 0.670245 R Square 0.449228 Adjusted R Square 0.428829 Standard Error 7.456105 Observations 29 The table above shows that R2 is 0.449228. It implies that 44.9% variation of the model is explained by variables. Since, often this statistic gives misleading results, hence Adjusted R2 have also been calculated whereby it has been observed that the model can explain only 42.8% variation. It has been observed that retention rate plays a significant role in improving the performance of the online university whereas the graduating rate depends a lot on the retention rate. Any educational centre like University of Phoenix may face future problem in their field of operation due to the extreme low level of retention rate. Recommendations: The educational industry is dynamic in nature. It has been constantly changing its outlook with the advancement of time. Students are also getting focused on multiple things at a time and hence could not give time to daily education. As a consequence to complete their degree they are opting for online universities and studying in accordance with their own schedule. Therefore from this entire report one concept came very clear and that is the retention rate of these open universities play a significant role in grabbing the attention of the potential student. Researchers are constantly engaged in finding out ways to bring in more students into online processes. Along with it there has been a constant increase in the number of online colleges which possess a tough competition to the existing ones. Hence it is recommended that the existing universities should try to constantly upgrade their facilities and make changes in their curriculum in accordance with the industrial needs. At the in itial level they can retain their customer by providing them with discounts in their course fee. Then they may also retain the students by providing them with all time guide services through which the students may get guidance about their study material at any time of the day through online service. Also, providing a good career counseling and placement facility is surely going to attract and channelize the target customer towards these existing universities. References: Allen, I.E. and Seaman, J., 2013.Changing Course: Ten Years of Tracking Online Education in the United States. Sloan Consortium. PO Box 1238, Newburyport, MA 01950. Asteriou, D. and Hall, S.G., 2015.Applied econometrics. Palgrave Macmillan. DeBoer, J., Ho, A.D., Stump, G.S. and Breslow, L., 2014. Changing course reconceptualizing educational variables for massive open online courses.Educational researcher, p.0013189X14523038. Gujarati, D., 2014.Econometrics by example. Palgrave Macmillan. Jordan, K., 2014. Initial trends in enrolment and completion of massive open online courses.The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning,15(1). Sowell, T., 2014.Basic economics. Basic Books. Spada, K., 2014. Higher Education in the Digital Age [Book Review].IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication,57(2), pp.150-153. Wooldridge, J.M., 2015.Introductory econometrics: A modern approach. Nelson Education.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

UFO PHENOMENONS Essay Example For Students

UFO PHENOMENONS Essay Khieng NgoyProfessor LashCritical ThinkingMarch 15, 1999Two brothers by the name of Jesse and John noticed an odd looking metallic structure down the hill near their house in Rogerville, Tennessee. When they turned around, a very tall slender humanoid-like being emitted a bright light from his stick and thats when he and his brother blacked out. When Jesse awoke, he found himself being carried through metal corridors, and then he was placed on a cold table. Although Jesse was able to observe the surroundings, he said he was also paralyzed (Confirmation). Do you believe this story to be true of false? This is just one of many astonishing stories that have been told. Since the words unidentified flying objects were first used, there have been a few selected examples that can provide plausible proof for their existence. We will write a custom essay on UFO PHENOMENONS specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The history of UFOs and flying saucers surprisingly has been reported as early as 100 BC by Julius Obsequens. He was a 4th century Latin Poet who wrote, At sunset a circular object like a shield was seen to sweep across the sky from West to East (Tracker 12). Strange sightings have been seen and written about but were never officially recorded as UFOs. In 1656, a Jesuit priest and scholar, Athanasius Kircher, wrote a book about two Angles that accompanied him on an out-of-body travel to the moon, sun, and five planets (Fitzgerald 4). These are just a couple of examples of early phenomenon, but it was not until the middle of the 20th century that mankind finally had the technology to fly and create an Air Force. It was an Air Force department search team that reported a strange sighting over the mountain peaks near the northern Pacific. Kenneth Arnold, a businessman and a veteran pilot, saw nine objects flying around the peaks similar to saucer plates skipping across water. At the tim e of the sight, Kenneth Arnold was assisting the Air Force to search for a C-46 transport plane, which was reported to be missing. Reporters from all over the country received reports of the incident and consequently ran articles, which credited Arnold for the term flying saucers (Hendry 12). This then created a domino effect with people throughout the country reporting to have seen UFOs. According to a 1978 Gallup Poll, 13 million Americans have encountered aerial objects that they could not identify (1). The complete book of UFOs stated that fifty percent of the American people think UFOs are real and that there are humanoid type beings like us that live on other plants in the universe (12). UFOs debunked as identified flying objects (IFOs) like weather phenomenons, planets, stars, man-made aerial crafts, vivid imaginations, and if anything else hoaxes. The reason for the confusion between UFOs and IFOs is because scientists believe average people cannot tell the difference between the two or have the knowledge about astronomy. In the middle of the century, amidst the paranoia of the Cold War, people were frightful of spy-like air crafts and missiles from the other powering nations. Skeptics believe that this was the reason why it was known as the American quirk (Hendry 7). Americans were searching and anticipating some sort of objects from the sky. This was about the same time our government began having secret test flights and nuclear bombings. If a person was at the right vicinity, some people did indeed witness unusual flying objects made by mankind for the government. Since the government wanted to conceal their project from the American people, common folks therefo re could not conceive nor explain the strange technologies that the government tried to build. What people could not recognize were assumed as UFOs. From The UFO Handbook, most IFOs are just the stars and planets doing things in an unusual array of lights. Thirty-five percent of all IFO encounters are related to the illusions that stars and planets make under special circumstances. That is the reason why reported times are usually from dusk until dawn. Science contends that with the right angle of light source, and at a certain time of day, starlight can be refracted into a rapid sequence of colors. Astronomers claim that stars can be made to appear in motion due

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Historical Inacuraccys In The 1954 Film ALexander The Great

Historical Inacuraccys In The 1954 Film ALexander The Great Historical Inacuraccys In The 1954 Film ALexander The Great The 1954 Film Alexander the Great was written, directed and produced by Robert Rosser a well renowned director for his time. Rosser employed a cast of first-rank British and American actors, and was backed by United Artist who put a lot of money in to the film. He was aiming for a masterpiece, but failed honorably . His depiction of Alexander's early life is relatively historically correct. The second half however, which deals with Alexander's crusades, was both chronologically and geographically erratic and incorrect, hurrying through the battles scenes and missing out important historical facts and even inventing its own. Yet we have to understand that Rosser used many unhistorical elements from Alexander fiction which existed throughout the middle age. Rosser certainly had limitations in telling his story, if he had a larger budget, the technology of today and less (at the time) conventional restriction in telling this story we may have been able to expect a better and more accura te portrayal of Alexander the Greats life .Battle of the Granicus

Monday, February 24, 2020

What Are The Concepts Upon Which Laissez Faire Is Based Essay

What Are The Concepts Upon Which Laissez Faire Is Based - Essay Example Established in the 18th century, the concept of laissez-faire was used in order to oppose any government intervention in business affairs. Vincent De Gournay further popularized the phrase as he was completely in favor of the removal of restrictions on trade and industry in the country as well as deregulation of industry; he gave rise to the phrase â€Å"laissez faire et laissez passer† referring to the commercial workers; it can be translated as â€Å"let do and let pass†. The French phrase even found place in England later in the 18th century with respect to protests for bringing about free trade and non-interference or non-intervention by the government. Later, James Mill and Jeremy Bentham were users of the term, bringing about a wider range of understandings among economists and students alike. It must be understood that the concept of laissez-faire applies not only to economics but also to lifestyle. People desired to lead their lives without governmental interven tion or social regulations, which led to restrictions in many situations. The policy thus applies to individual and governmental or industrial affairs and proposes capitalism, entrepreneurship, and competition among producers to satisfy consumer preferences in order to achieve maximum possible freedom. In Western Europe during the 18th century it was believed that the natural economic order brought maximum wellbeing for the majority of citizens when it was untouched by regulations or adjustments. At the time, there were pioneer economists in France who were known as the Physiocrats, and they led to the primary development of the theory of laissez-faire, which emphasized on non-interference with commercial ventures in order to protect the interests of those yearning to set up their own empires. â€Å"The most important and influential proponent of laissez-faire capitalism, however, was the 18th-century Scottish economist Adam Smith, who believed that individual welfare was more impo rtant than national power. In his book The Wealth of Nations (1776), he advocated a policy of free trade so that the â€Å"invisible hand† of competition could act as an economic regulator. Smith's advocacy of private enterprise as the best stimulus to equitable distribution of wealth gained increasing support in the early 19th century, partly because of the wave of libertarian revolution sweeping Europe and the U.S. His theories were further developed by the British economists David Ricardo and John Stuart Mill.† (â€Å"Laissez-faire versus Government  Intervention†) Laissez-faire could be understood as being equivalent of a free market concept, where the government has little or no say in the matters of private owners. Such a market allows private ownership to flourish and leaves room for creativity. In countries where the concept is not followed, the government tends to regulate market affairs by either subsidizing local industries or imposing certain tariff s and restrictions on carrying out free trade. This is done mainly for the demand and the supply level to reach a particular point at which they are equivalent so as to meet the needs of individuals. The concept of laissez-faire thus may not be carried out in countries where the government is required in order to keep in check the needs of the consumers, for example in underdeveloped or certain developing nations around the world (Cunningham 213-214). In countries like China, for example, monopoly has been held by the government in terms of trade and commerce since the Song and Ming dynasties even though some control has been given to private owners. In